Revision Links: Macbeth

As part of your revision for Macbeth, watch these videos:

Full audio book:

Film: Royal Shakespeare Company, Macbeth:

60 Second Recap playlist:

Thug notes:

These websites are also excellent:

Bitesize: http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/english_literature/dramamacbeth/

Sparknotes: http://www.sparknotes.com/shakespeare/macbeth/

Litcharts: http://www.litcharts.com/lit/macbeth

Revision Links: A Christmas Carol

As part of your revision for a Christmas Carol, watch these videos:

Full audio book with text:

2009 Disney Film:

Plot Summary:

Thug Notes:

Mr Bruff’s playlist:

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These websites are also excellent:

Bitesize: http://www.bbc.co.uk/education/topics/zcs8qty

Sparknotes: http://www.sparknotes.com/lit/christmascarol/

Litcharts: http://www.litcharts.com/lit/a-christmas-carol

 

English Literature: Paper One Overview

Some last minute information about the English Literature exam tomorrow:

lit 1

Some information about the assessment objectives:

lit 2

Suggested activities to revise:

lit 3.png

Of Mice and Men – Chapter 2 Recap by Daud

List 3 significant descriptions of the bunkhouse:

  • “whitewashed” (segregation)
  • “small, square windows” (freedom/ American dream)
  • “solid door” (masculinity)

e.g. The ‘solid door’ could represent the men on the ranch’s need to be a hard and ‘solid’ man. Perhaps it also highlights their ideology regarding emotions and how they won’t allow their feelings to show, not opening their metaphorical ‘solid’ door of emotions.

The symbolism of Western Magazines:

“love to read”

“scoff at”

“secretly believe”

The Western Magazine provides the men hope that they will one day walk into the sunset like the ‘western’ characters they read about and become a hero like the cowboys in these magazines. This places the American dream on a pedal stall causing us to empathize for the men on the ranch as we as readers know that it is most probable that they will live the rest of their lives on the ranch.

The purpose of Chapter 2 is to introduce characters!

Curley “a thin young man”

“tightly curled hair

Boss “a fat legged man”

“squinted his eyes”

“pointed a playful finger”

“high heeled boots”

“to prove he was not a labourer”

Candy “the old man”

“gray of muzzles”

“blind old eyes”

Curley’s Wife “rectangle of sunshine in the doorway was cut off”

“rouged lips”

“fingernails were red”

“Her hair hung in little rolled clusters”

Slim “the prince of the ranch”

“His hands… as those of a temple dancer”

“face was ageless”

 Action

  • Whitey (the last worker on the ranch before George and Lennie) left. It depicts how these men are migrant workers and are used to travelling. George’s scepticism about the lice on the bed and how this spans over pages shows its more than just the bed. It acts as a representation of George’s lack of faith in humanity as humanity has treated him so harshly.
  • Important quote: George said ominously, you betta’ watch out for Lennie he’s “strong”, “quick”, and “don’t know no rules”.
  • Candy is the helper on the ranch but also to the readers as his character provides power to the readers as we are informed- through candy- the latest gossip running through the ranch.

Solitaire: Some aspects the game of solitaire represents:

-George is a solitary man

-He is isolating himself due to his mistrust in men.

-He is absorbing everything around him, he is looking busy but is thinking carefully, “thoughtfully” about the new people he had met.

-It acts as a defence mechanism so no one bothers to talk to him.

Summary

Candy’s old dog -> foreshadows the fate of the weak.

Curley’s wife -> trouble to come with her promiscuity.

Curley -> trouble to come with his physical boxing skills.

Crooks -> a sign of racism and segregation to enter the story through the use of the derogatory ‘N’ word used against him in this chapter.

Curley and slim drowning puppies -> this resonates with the story George later tells slim in chapter 3

George reveals that he used to play jokes on Lennie because “he was too dumb even to know he had a joke played on him.” One day when George, Lennie, and other men were loitering around the Sacramento River, George ordered Lennie to jump into the water:

“I turns to Lennie and says, ‘Jump in.’ An’ he jumps. Couldn’t swim a stroke. He damn near drowned before we could get him. An’ he was so damn nice to me for pullin’ him out. Clean forgot I told him to jump in. Well, I ain’t done nothing like that no more.”

Of Mice and Men – Chapter One Recap: by Nikita

Thank you to Nikita for writing up this comprehensive set of notes from our lesson revising chapter 1:

Description of the Brush- page 1

  • “path beaten hard by boys coming down from the ranches”
  • “limb is worn smooth by men who have sat on it”
  • “leaves lie deep and so crisp that a lizard makes a great skittering if he runs among”

The brush only appears in Chapter 1&6 where George and Lennie are alone together. It’s a place where they feel safe. There are a lot of links and symbols of animals that Steinbeck presents in his cyclical novel.

The Two Protagonists- George and Lennie

George: “dark of face”, “restless eyes”, “sharp, strong features”, “small, quick”, “strong hands, thin”.

Lennie: “his opposite”, “huge man”, “large, pale eyes”, “wide sloping shoulders”, “dragging his feet, the way a bear drags his paws”.

Similarities with both: “denim trousers and denim coats with brass buttons”, “shapeless hats”, “carried tight blanket rolls slung over their shoulders”.

It is ironic how Lennie – who is the bigger person- isn’t as strong as we may think he is at first impression as his mental capability is the very opposite.

Their First Conversation

  • George leads, Lennie follows.
  • Their back story which is given in Chapter 1 foreshadows everything that is to come in the book.
  • In Weed “they run us outta Weed”– foreshadows trouble they’ve been in before.
  • Aunt Clara “Lady huh? That was your own aunt Clara” – foreshadows dangers with women.
  • The Bus “Bastard bus driver” – presents George’s angry nature and explicit language.
  • Mouse “What you want of a dead mouse anyways” – foreshadows the deaths.

Steinbeck from the very start of the book presents a naïve and vulnerable character for Lennie which makes the reader very fond of him so that even in the later part of the book, where he commits murders, we don’t despise his character. Every character in the book is a typical stereotype in this microcosmic world.

The Murders

  • Mouse dead Chapter 1
  • Dog dead Chapter 5
  • Curley’s wife dead Chapter 5

As the story continues each murder by Lennie (in size) gets bigger from mouse, dog, a human. The mouse is extremely small compared to Lennie however his mental capacity is the same as a mouse. Steinbeck may even be trying to show that Lennie kills things he loves therefore he is a real threat to everyone.

During the time the book was set everyone was suffering from the Great Depression so when they were eating the tin of beans it was very relieving as they wouldn’t know when the next time for them to eat would come.

Lennie and George’s Relationship

“If I was alone I could live so easily”– says George but as readers we know he doesn’t really mean this as he loves Lennie’s company even though he is hard work to put up with. If George didn’t have Lennie as his companion he would be as lonely and bitter as the other men on the ranch that we later learn about in the book.

However, Lennie isn’t as daft as we initially think he is as he quite cleverly says “George, you want I should go away and leave you alone?” – Lennie tries to manipulate George to make him feel guilty and realise that his life wouldn’t be the same without him. Lennie doesn’t manipulate him in a bad intention but in a rather child-like manner which reflects his persona on the whole too.

Towards the end on Chapter One George tells Lennie about what life is like for “Guys like us” as he is reassuring Lennie that they’re both doing things together and have each other’s back. It shows how sad and lonely life was like for ranch men and makes readers sympathise for them.

Chapter One’s Significance

  • Shows man’s place in nature and how everything around is really safe as we humans originate from nature too.
  • Animalism is a common theme in Chapter One when describing Lennie also.
  • Gives the reader background information of the two protagonists and that information foreshadows the coming events in the book.
  • Addresses George’s tentativeness with Lennie and the fear of him getting them both in trouble.

Of Mice and Men Essay: Team DANTV

Essay written by Denoth, Ahsan, Nikita, Tariq and Vanisha.

Throughout the novel Steinbeck intelligently uses symbolism to portray the impact of different characters. This is clearly displayed through the use of the dark and light symbolism as the ‘sunshine in the doorway was out-off’ when Curley’s wife entered. The words ‘sunshine… cut off’ shows that she brought darkness to the room. This could signify that she brings problems to the ranch. It could also mean that the ‘sunshine’ which is their happiness without her is ;cut-off’ and decreased greatly with just her silhouette implying that the sheer fact that she is a woman between these men and are ignoring her and could cause lots of trouble. If we zoom in on the word ‘cut-off’ it could be foreshadowing the consequences of entering the bunkhouse which we later find to be the death of Curley’s wife. It symbolises the fact that Lennie and George’s ‘rectangle of sunshine’ which was their new job was ‘cut-off’ by Curley’s wife towards the end. It may cause reader’s to think that she represents the twist that may change or turn the story around. To a reader this represents something interesting that is going to change the men’s life.

One of Steinbeck’s method is imagery. This can be seen in the extract as her ‘body was thrown forward’. Steinbeck cleverly uses imagery as a language feature as this paints a clear image of Curley’s wife. Steinbeck cleverly uses the phrase ‘thrown’ to indicate to the reader about how women were ‘thrown’ in the society as it was a society of patriarchy where men were the dominant ones and women were the recessive ones. Alternatively, the phrase ‘thrown’ could suggest the woman’s relevance, as the only relevance is most of the times were for the women to stay indoors and take care of the family. This would make some readers feel disappointed, as women could do something in society. On the other hand, some readers may feel that this is right as women physically are unable to do what men do. Moreover, Steinbeck also uses the phrase ‘forward’ to possibly indicate that Curley’s wife wanted attention as she was the only female on the ranch. Similarly, the word ‘forward’ could also imply the American Dream and how it is related towards the men rather than the women, as they have a high relevance and were also higher than the women in terms of hierarchy.

Steinbeck uses of vivid vocabulary for the reader to imagine how Curley’s wife looked. He described her dress with having ‘little bouquets of red ostrich feathers’ which immediately gives us the impression of her being quite well-off at the ranch. Considering they were ‘ostrich feathers’ it must have been very expensive and especially how they were suffering from the Great Depression from when the book was set. The word ‘red’ is repeatedly used to describe her appearance. On the whole she is quite admired by the ranchmen so ‘red’ could connate to love. However,  another interpretation on the word ‘red’ is that she is a flashing warning for the ranchmen and is used as a device for foreshadowing later events with Curley’s wife. Steinbeck portrays a very ambiguous image of Curley’s wife but we definitely know she dressed very well.

One of Steinbeck’s method to present Curley’s wife is dialect. Steinbeck has deliberately made Curley’s wife speak informally in Of Mice and Men. Words such as ‘lookin’, ‘ain’t ya’ and ‘tryna’ are written in an informal way and we could interpret that the spelling of these words shows how much of a rebellious character Curley’s wife was. Alternatively, we could interpret that the spelling of these words show how uneducated Curley’s wife was and this foreshadows the silly decisions that Curley’s wife makes when letting Lennie feel her hair towards the end of the novel. The reader may find her dialect to be annoying purely because of the way that these words are pronounced.

Throughout the book Steinbeck represents men to be superior than women. When Curley’s wife leaves the bunk house George says ‘so that’s what Curley picks for a wife’. If we zoom in on the word ‘picks’ it tells us that men has more power of women as Curley had the power to ‘pick’ any girl he wanted and make her his wife. It seems as if she had no option as the word ‘pick’ is quite demanding. George is downgrading her as he is not saying it pleasantly because in the line before he calls her a ‘tramp’ which highlights the attitude the men had towards women. She was seen as a ‘tramp’ even though she was just asking a few questions.