The formal picture…
And then we dabbed.
Goodbye year 11. You were a pleasure to teach; I hope that you get the grades you deserve. A* bruv!
Some last minute information about the English Literature exam tomorrow:
Some information about the assessment objectives:
Suggested activities to revise:
This foreshadows how everyone else (main characters) will always be in the light as they are superior however characters like Lennie will be left in the “corners… still in dark”. The word “dark” could also represent how “bright” or intelligent the characters are again portraying how the “bright” intelligent ones will be in the light and move on while the dumb characters or “weak” characters will be left in the dark in the “corners” neglected like crooks showing there is not much difference in the power between women, the disabled and black people.
Slim and George
Lennie and the Puppy
Whit and the letter
Attitudes to women
Curley chasing his wife
After the fight
List 3 significant descriptions of the bunkhouse:
e.g. The ‘solid door’ could represent the men on the ranch’s need to be a hard and ‘solid’ man. Perhaps it also highlights their ideology regarding emotions and how they won’t allow their feelings to show, not opening their metaphorical ‘solid’ door of emotions.
The symbolism of Western Magazines:
“love to read”
The Western Magazine provides the men hope that they will one day walk into the sunset like the ‘western’ characters they read about and become a hero like the cowboys in these magazines. This places the American dream on a pedal stall causing us to empathize for the men on the ranch as we as readers know that it is most probable that they will live the rest of their lives on the ranch.
The purpose of Chapter 2 is to introduce characters!
|Curley||“a thin young man”
“tightly curled hair
|Boss||“a fat legged man”
“squinted his eyes”
“pointed a playful finger”
“high heeled boots”
“to prove he was not a labourer”
|Candy||“the old man”
“gray of muzzles”
“blind old eyes”
|Curley’s Wife||“rectangle of sunshine in the doorway was cut off”
“fingernails were red”
“Her hair hung in little rolled clusters”
|Slim||“the prince of the ranch”
“His hands… as those of a temple dancer”
“face was ageless”
Solitaire: Some aspects the game of solitaire represents:
-George is a solitary man
-He is isolating himself due to his mistrust in men.
-He is absorbing everything around him, he is looking busy but is thinking carefully, “thoughtfully” about the new people he had met.
-It acts as a defence mechanism so no one bothers to talk to him.
Candy’s old dog -> foreshadows the fate of the weak.
Curley’s wife -> trouble to come with her promiscuity.
Curley -> trouble to come with his physical boxing skills.
Crooks -> a sign of racism and segregation to enter the story through the use of the derogatory ‘N’ word used against him in this chapter.
Curley and slim drowning puppies -> this resonates with the story George later tells slim in chapter 3
George reveals that he used to play jokes on Lennie because “he was too dumb even to know he had a joke played on him.” One day when George, Lennie, and other men were loitering around the Sacramento River, George ordered Lennie to jump into the water:
“I turns to Lennie and says, ‘Jump in.’ An’ he jumps. Couldn’t swim a stroke. He damn near drowned before we could get him. An’ he was so damn nice to me for pullin’ him out. Clean forgot I told him to jump in. Well, I ain’t done nothing like that no more.”
Thank you to Nikita for writing up this comprehensive set of notes from our lesson revising chapter 1:
Description of the Brush- page 1
The brush only appears in Chapter 1&6 where George and Lennie are alone together. It’s a place where they feel safe. There are a lot of links and symbols of animals that Steinbeck presents in his cyclical novel.
The Two Protagonists- George and Lennie
George: “dark of face”, “restless eyes”, “sharp, strong features”, “small, quick”, “strong hands, thin”.
Lennie: “his opposite”, “huge man”, “large, pale eyes”, “wide sloping shoulders”, “dragging his feet, the way a bear drags his paws”.
Similarities with both: “denim trousers and denim coats with brass buttons”, “shapeless hats”, “carried tight blanket rolls slung over their shoulders”.
It is ironic how Lennie – who is the bigger person- isn’t as strong as we may think he is at first impression as his mental capability is the very opposite.
Their First Conversation
Steinbeck from the very start of the book presents a naïve and vulnerable character for Lennie which makes the reader very fond of him so that even in the later part of the book, where he commits murders, we don’t despise his character. Every character in the book is a typical stereotype in this microcosmic world.
As the story continues each murder by Lennie (in size) gets bigger from mouse, dog, a human. The mouse is extremely small compared to Lennie however his mental capacity is the same as a mouse. Steinbeck may even be trying to show that Lennie kills things he loves therefore he is a real threat to everyone.
During the time the book was set everyone was suffering from the Great Depression so when they were eating the tin of beans it was very relieving as they wouldn’t know when the next time for them to eat would come.
Lennie and George’s Relationship
“If I was alone I could live so easily”– says George but as readers we know he doesn’t really mean this as he loves Lennie’s company even though he is hard work to put up with. If George didn’t have Lennie as his companion he would be as lonely and bitter as the other men on the ranch that we later learn about in the book.
However, Lennie isn’t as daft as we initially think he is as he quite cleverly says “George, you want I should go away and leave you alone?” – Lennie tries to manipulate George to make him feel guilty and realise that his life wouldn’t be the same without him. Lennie doesn’t manipulate him in a bad intention but in a rather child-like manner which reflects his persona on the whole too.
Towards the end on Chapter One George tells Lennie about what life is like for “Guys like us” as he is reassuring Lennie that they’re both doing things together and have each other’s back. It shows how sad and lonely life was like for ranch men and makes readers sympathise for them.
Chapter One’s Significance
Easter revision challenge: Read one of the poems from the anthology each day then come here to read a corresponding media article (however tenuous the link may be!)
Simon Armitage: Clown Punk – http://www.theguardian.com/music/2012/jun/01/no-future-punk-youth-rebellion
John Agard: Checking Out Me History – http://www.theguardian.com/education/2015/mar/22/is-londons-ethnic-diversity-driving-its-school-success-story
Andrew Forster: Horse Whisperer – http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/science/11478930/Why-the-long-face-Traditional-stables-make-horses-depressed.html
Carol Ann Duffy: Medusa – http://www.theguardian.com/travel/2011/jun/04/greece-insiders-guide-holidays
Daljit Nagra: Singh Song! – http://www.theguardian.com/lifeandstyle/2011/sep/05/londons-asian-supermarkets
Jackie Kay: Brendon Gallacher – http://www.theguardian.com/lifeandstyle/2014/feb/28/children-imaginary-friends-widespread
Simon Armitage: Give – http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/education-32071349
Dorothy Molloy: Les Grands Seigneurs – http://www.theguardian.com/books/2015/mar/11/thomas-asbridge-10-best-knights-in-literature-beowulf-chaucer-lionheart
Percy Bysshe Shelley: Ozymandias – http://www.huffingtonpost.com/maureen-ryan/breaking-bad-ozymandias_b_3931402.html
Robert Browning: My Last Duchess – http://www.victorianweb.org/authors/rb/duchess/pva313.html
Stevie Smith: River God – http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-32074953
Dylan Thomas: The Hunchback in the Park – http://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/home-news/richard-iii-now-hes-richard-the-reinterred–to-starstudded-acclaim-10137104.html
Thomas Hardy: The Ruined Maid – http://www.bbc.co.uk/poetryseason/poets/thomas_hardy.shtml
UA Fanthorpe: Casehistory: Alison (head injury) – http://www.bbc.co.uk/sport/0/boxing/32071575
John Betjeman: On a Portrait of a Deaf Man – http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-19000769
Essay written by Yuvraj, Lipesan, Nirav, Rikesh, Pritesh and Rethush.
In the novel Of Mice and Men, author John Steinbeck uses many methods to present Curley’s wife and the attitudes other men at the ranch have towards her.
First of all, Steinbeck’s use of imagery in Of Mice and Men foreshadows the end of the novella. This can be seen when Curley’s wife walks in and the ‘Sunshine in the doorway was cut off’. One interpretation of this quote could be that the light symbolises the friendship between George and Lennie when Curley’s wife cuts the ‘light’ out it foreshadows the end of the novella with George ending the ‘light’ with a bullet. An alternative view could be that when Curley’s wife walks in, she actually does block the sunlight coming in. This could show how she brings darkness in the ranch as she goes around and tries to flirt with everyone but they do not want her. This results in Lennie showing his dark side as he murders her in cold blood.
Steinbeck’s use of colour in the description of Curley’s wife foreshadows the upcoming bloody situation that will appear later on in the novel. Evidence to show this is his repetitive use of the word ‘red’, in her description. This could prove she might somehow be involved in bloody situation or has been involved. Her red nails could show that her hands have been stained with blood as she may have committed murder. ‘Red’, could also show the ‘love’ that she is trying to get from the men.
In the ¬¬extract, Steinbeck cleverly employs colloquialism to depict Curley’s Wife’s character. When she enters the bunk house, she sighs “Oh!” when she finds out that her husband Curley is not amongst the other men on the ranch. At a glance, the word “Oh!” could suggest that she is genuinely surprised by Curley’s absence and she cannot do much without him, representing women’s status in society at the time – useless without men. However, upon close inspection, this can be seen as an overreaction and instead is just an excuse in order to talk to the other men, possibly because she does not like her husband due to her lack of freedom in the relationship because of her status in society. Furthermore, the use of the exclamation mark could actually communicate that she is feeling annoyed that her husband is nowhere to be found, which gives us the impression that she is shouting and beaming. Some readers may feel disgusted that Curley’s Wife is seducing other men whilst being a part of a marriage, and not committing herself to her husband, Curley. Alternatively, other readers may feel sympathetic towards her due to the fact that he can be seen as misunderstood and is just a lonely woman who wants someone to talk to, which may foreshadow what she will do in the rest of the novella.
Steinbeck’s clever indication of each character helps the reader understand each character. Steinbeck present Curley’s wife as “playful” this suggest that she is a flirtatious character and she likes to play with other men however it can also mean that she is bored as she is the only girl on the ranch and she wants to have some “playful” time for herself. The word play is cleverly used by Steinbeck as it has more than one meaning to it, at first to the reader it gives a bad impression of Curley’s wife which leads them to think she is a tramp but on the other hand, it can also mean that she is segregated from everyone as she is the only women on the whole ranch and as modern reader we can feel sympathy for her and understand that she is just being “playful” to get attention so she has someone to talk to.
Finally, in the novella Steinbeck cleverly uses the words “Hi good – lookin” to convey the fact that Slim is being a gentleman and complementing Curley’s wife. However the use of these words could also convey how people would speak at that time and this can clearly be seen when we zoom into the text and notice that the spelling of looking is different and it is spelt “lookin”. The readers have now been made aware that the spelling is in colloquial which suggests that all people who live on the barn speak in this particular way. Alternatively, Steinbeck’s use of the words “good – lookin” could also make the reader aware that all members of the barn are not calling Curley’s wife by her REAL name because at this time in America, women were treated as property and objects, hence Curley’s wife is known as many words in the novella, such as “good – lookin”, “tramp” or simply Curley’s wife but she is not known by her real name. This shows a hierarchy, and in that hierarchy women are seen as objects hence they are at the bottom of the hierarchy alongside black people such as Crooks and disabled people such as Candy.