Revision Links: Macbeth

As part of your revision for Macbeth, watch these videos:

Full audio book:

Film: Royal Shakespeare Company, Macbeth:

60 Second Recap playlist:

Thug notes:

These websites are also excellent:

Bitesize: http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/english_literature/dramamacbeth/

Sparknotes: http://www.sparknotes.com/shakespeare/macbeth/

Litcharts: http://www.litcharts.com/lit/macbeth

Revision Links: A Christmas Carol

As part of your revision for a Christmas Carol, watch these videos:

Full audio book with text:

2009 Disney Film:

Plot Summary:

Thug Notes:

Mr Bruff’s playlist:

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These websites are also excellent:

Bitesize: http://www.bbc.co.uk/education/topics/zcs8qty

Sparknotes: http://www.sparknotes.com/lit/christmascarol/

Litcharts: http://www.litcharts.com/lit/a-christmas-carol

 

English Literature: Paper One Overview

Some last minute information about the English Literature exam tomorrow:

lit 1

Some information about the assessment objectives:

lit 2

Suggested activities to revise:

lit 3.png

Of Mice and Men – Chapter One Recap: by Nikita

Thank you to Nikita for writing up this comprehensive set of notes from our lesson revising chapter 1:

Description of the Brush- page 1

  • “path beaten hard by boys coming down from the ranches”
  • “limb is worn smooth by men who have sat on it”
  • “leaves lie deep and so crisp that a lizard makes a great skittering if he runs among”

The brush only appears in Chapter 1&6 where George and Lennie are alone together. It’s a place where they feel safe. There are a lot of links and symbols of animals that Steinbeck presents in his cyclical novel.

The Two Protagonists- George and Lennie

George: “dark of face”, “restless eyes”, “sharp, strong features”, “small, quick”, “strong hands, thin”.

Lennie: “his opposite”, “huge man”, “large, pale eyes”, “wide sloping shoulders”, “dragging his feet, the way a bear drags his paws”.

Similarities with both: “denim trousers and denim coats with brass buttons”, “shapeless hats”, “carried tight blanket rolls slung over their shoulders”.

It is ironic how Lennie – who is the bigger person- isn’t as strong as we may think he is at first impression as his mental capability is the very opposite.

Their First Conversation

  • George leads, Lennie follows.
  • Their back story which is given in Chapter 1 foreshadows everything that is to come in the book.
  • In Weed “they run us outta Weed”– foreshadows trouble they’ve been in before.
  • Aunt Clara “Lady huh? That was your own aunt Clara” – foreshadows dangers with women.
  • The Bus “Bastard bus driver” – presents George’s angry nature and explicit language.
  • Mouse “What you want of a dead mouse anyways” – foreshadows the deaths.

Steinbeck from the very start of the book presents a naïve and vulnerable character for Lennie which makes the reader very fond of him so that even in the later part of the book, where he commits murders, we don’t despise his character. Every character in the book is a typical stereotype in this microcosmic world.

The Murders

  • Mouse dead Chapter 1
  • Dog dead Chapter 5
  • Curley’s wife dead Chapter 5

As the story continues each murder by Lennie (in size) gets bigger from mouse, dog, a human. The mouse is extremely small compared to Lennie however his mental capacity is the same as a mouse. Steinbeck may even be trying to show that Lennie kills things he loves therefore he is a real threat to everyone.

During the time the book was set everyone was suffering from the Great Depression so when they were eating the tin of beans it was very relieving as they wouldn’t know when the next time for them to eat would come.

Lennie and George’s Relationship

“If I was alone I could live so easily”– says George but as readers we know he doesn’t really mean this as he loves Lennie’s company even though he is hard work to put up with. If George didn’t have Lennie as his companion he would be as lonely and bitter as the other men on the ranch that we later learn about in the book.

However, Lennie isn’t as daft as we initially think he is as he quite cleverly says “George, you want I should go away and leave you alone?” – Lennie tries to manipulate George to make him feel guilty and realise that his life wouldn’t be the same without him. Lennie doesn’t manipulate him in a bad intention but in a rather child-like manner which reflects his persona on the whole too.

Towards the end on Chapter One George tells Lennie about what life is like for “Guys like us” as he is reassuring Lennie that they’re both doing things together and have each other’s back. It shows how sad and lonely life was like for ranch men and makes readers sympathise for them.

Chapter One’s Significance

  • Shows man’s place in nature and how everything around is really safe as we humans originate from nature too.
  • Animalism is a common theme in Chapter One when describing Lennie also.
  • Gives the reader background information of the two protagonists and that information foreshadows the coming events in the book.
  • Addresses George’s tentativeness with Lennie and the fear of him getting them both in trouble.

Of Mice and Men Essay: Team Speedforce

Essay written by Yuvraj, Lipesan, Nirav, Rikesh, Pritesh and Rethush.

In the novel Of Mice and Men, author John Steinbeck uses many methods to present Curley’s wife and the attitudes other men at the ranch have towards her.

First of all, Steinbeck’s use of imagery in Of Mice and Men foreshadows the end of the novella. This can be seen when Curley’s wife walks in and the ‘Sunshine in the doorway was cut off’. One interpretation of this quote could be that the light symbolises the friendship between George and Lennie when Curley’s wife cuts the ‘light’ out it foreshadows the end of the novella with George ending the ‘light’ with a bullet. An alternative view could be that when Curley’s wife walks in, she actually does block the sunlight coming in. This could show how she brings darkness in the ranch as she goes around and tries to flirt with everyone but they do not want her. This results in Lennie showing his dark side as he murders her in cold blood.

Steinbeck’s use of colour in the description of Curley’s wife foreshadows the upcoming bloody situation that will appear later on in the novel. Evidence to show this is his repetitive use of the word ‘red’, in her description. This could prove she might somehow be involved in bloody situation or has been involved. Her red nails could show that her hands have been stained with blood as she may have committed murder. ‘Red’, could also show the ‘love’ that she is trying to get from the men.

In the ¬¬extract, Steinbeck cleverly employs colloquialism to depict Curley’s Wife’s character. When she enters the bunk house, she sighs “Oh!” when she finds out that her husband Curley is not amongst the other men on the ranch. At a glance, the word “Oh!” could suggest that she is genuinely surprised by Curley’s absence and she cannot do much without him, representing women’s status in society at the time – useless without men. However, upon close inspection, this can be seen as an overreaction and instead is just an excuse in order to talk to the other men, possibly because she does not like her husband due to her lack of freedom in the relationship because of her status in society. Furthermore, the use of the exclamation mark could actually communicate that she is feeling annoyed that her husband is nowhere to be found, which gives us the impression that she is shouting and beaming. Some readers may feel disgusted that Curley’s Wife is seducing other men whilst being a part of a marriage, and not committing herself to her husband, Curley. Alternatively, other readers may feel sympathetic towards her due to the fact that he can be seen as misunderstood and is just a lonely woman who wants someone to talk to, which may foreshadow what she will do in the rest of the novella.

Steinbeck’s clever indication of each character helps the reader understand each character. Steinbeck present Curley’s wife as “playful” this suggest that she is a flirtatious character and she likes to play with other men however it can also mean that she is bored as she is the only girl on the ranch and she wants to have some “playful” time for herself. The word play is cleverly used by Steinbeck as it has more than one meaning to it, at first to the reader it gives a bad impression of Curley’s wife which leads them to think she is a tramp but on the other hand, it can also mean that she is segregated from everyone as she is the only women on the whole ranch and as modern reader we can feel sympathy for her and understand that she is just being “playful” to get attention so she has someone to talk to.

Finally, in the novella Steinbeck cleverly uses the words “Hi good – lookin” to convey the fact that Slim is being a gentleman and complementing Curley’s wife. However the use of these words could also convey how people would speak at that time and this can clearly be seen when we zoom into the text and notice that the spelling of looking is different and it is spelt “lookin”. The readers have now been made aware that the spelling is in colloquial which suggests that all people who live on the barn speak in this particular way. Alternatively, Steinbeck’s use of the words “good – lookin” could also make the reader aware that all members of the barn are not calling Curley’s wife by her REAL name because at this time in America, women were treated as property and objects, hence Curley’s wife is known as many words in the novella, such as “good – lookin”, “tramp” or simply Curley’s wife but she is not known by her real name. This shows a hierarchy, and in that hierarchy women are seen as objects hence they are at the bottom of the hierarchy alongside black people such as Crooks and disabled people such as Candy.