ACT TWO- SEGMENT 2- ‘Mary’s conversation with Proctor and Elizabeth’ by Hamzah

Character and Action

  • Proctor
  • Mary
  • Elizabeth

Summary:

  • Mary Warren comes back from Salem and Proctor gets furious at her because he is against all the witchcraft trials and he told her he cannot go there.
  • Mary Warren claims she is sick (because of the devil).
  • Mary Warren gives a doll to Elizabeth as a gift which she made.
  • Mary breaks the news that ‘Goody Osburn will hang.’
  • She also says that Sarah Good confessed to witchcraft.
  • Good Osburn is pregnant, so she will not hang, could be foreshadowing what is going to happen to Elizabeth.
  • Mary feels as if she has gained some power through all the trials.
  • Mary tells John Proctor and Elizabeth that Elizabeth has been accused of witchcraft by Abigail.

Themes and context

Power/status:

‘’I am bound by law, I cannot tell it.’’– Mary says this to Proctor and feels she has got power, now she is with the law, and important to the court.

‘’I’ll not be ordered to bed no more, Mr Proctor! I am eighteen and a women, however single!’’– context: A women of Mary’s status would not talk to their master like that- this shows how much power the girls and Mary felt they had.

‘’ (He starts for his rifle).’’

Religion:

‘’ she sometimes made a compact with Lucifer, and wrote her name in his black-book with her blood and bound herself to torment Christians till Gods thrown down and we all must worship hell forever.’’–  Religion is very important at the time so people worshipping the devil would be something big for the people in Salem, which is why it was taken so serious.

Language/structure and effects:

Clipping: ‘’Why, she’s weepin’!’’ – Shows the way puritans spoke and were a form of slang.

Metaphor: ‘’ I may blush for my sin.’’- (Procter says this to Elizabeth)

Act two: key segment 4 ‘The change in Hale’ by Erick

Character & Action

Hale:

  • Authoritative
  • Respected
  • Wise
  • Arrogant
  • Cocky
  • Dominant

Hale is knowledgeable and wise man, he takes into consideration the situation of village is fully aware that much wrong is happening in the town of Salem. Hale is shocked to find out that Elizabeth proctor has been accused of witchcraft. During this period of the play we see a slight change in Hale as he is changing his mind and overview on the towns decisions .He questions his instincts and fails to stand up to in court as Abigail and the girls are over-rated and have extreme power at their hands .Hale is a sinister and a bit creepy of a character to show that he is an outsider and not from the village and shows the way of thinking as he is well educated witchcraft authority is weighed in the books he carries.

Themes & Context:

Religion: Hale is a good Christian, stands by his words acknowledges the importance of good and evil and is aware of the how different societies should work and god is the ultimate judge.

Power/Status: Hale feels highly respected as he has been called upon from another town to use his knowledge. However he is unable to stand up against court or make significant point as others may disagree.

Hysteria: A great issue is raised because John Proctor misses out on one of his commandments (adultery) a bit of foreshadowing. Hale uses this opportunity to question Johns faith in Christianity and patronises him through his power to be able to, by raising many other questions.

Witchcraft: Witchcraft has meant that Elizabeth is accused of it, Hale is nervous and hesitant because he can’t imagine Elizabeth of being of such nature. E.g. (Wets his lips)-he has to inform Elizabeth of the situation because in the town Witchcraft has overpowered loyalty.

Puritans: Hale who believes in his master knowledge of witchcraft takes advantage of johns and Elizabeth weaknesses and the coldness between them. Hale takes advantage of religion. He is a cocky and patronising character e.g. “let you repeat them” he asks john to repeat the commandments so he can pick out any mistakes. Whilst Hale was questioning the Proctors he got more comfortable and decided to stay longer in the Proctors house

Revenge: Hale later on begins to have doubts about the accusations just after coming from Rebecca Nurse’s house (a pious old humble women)Who was also accused ,he goes to the proctors to tell Elizabeth that her name had been mentioned by Abigail and that she will be taken for trials. Abigail does this to get her back on Elizabeth as she is madly in love with John and is trying to get in the way of Elizabeth’s and John relationship

Language/Structure & Effects:

Archaic Language is used throughout the novel as it portrays the way English was spoken in the 1600’s

Religious Words: Satan, Commandments, God, Lord, Holy, Christian, Theology

Metaphorical Language : (Hale)-“theology, sir, is a fortress: no crack in a fortress maybe accounted small”-(Hale emphasises on the importance of religion)

Dramatic Language: (as though a secret arrow had pained his heart)

Foreshadowing: (suspiciously)-why-why did you, keep this? (Truth about Abigail’s lie)

Commandments > misses out adultery…

Hale is portrayed by the author to be persuasive /overpowering and patronising because he has much authority. E.g. – “This is strange time mister, no man may longer doubt the powers of the dark are gathered in monstrous attack upon this village .there is too much evidence now to deny it. You will agree sir”

There is a change of characters actions for example John & Elizabeth “cold” relationship grows stronger and Hale attitude towards the decisions made by others in the village.

Act Two – segment 3 ‘Elizabeth is accused’ by Simran and Misha

Character and Action

  • It is dark
  • Hale depends Elizabeth
  • Cheever believes purely on the evidence

“Tis hard proof!” page 61

  • Proctor seems threatening

“I hope you’re not taking this for proof, Mister!”

  • No violence is shown
  • Proctor gets defensive towards Elizabeth
  • Proctor gets angry towards the people in the house e.g. Cheever, Hale, Marry, Elizabeth

Themes and context

Hysteria
Religion
Power

  1. Hale slowly loses power
  2. Proctors lose power

Revenge
Witchcraft
Status

  1. Hale’s status lowers as he loses control over the accused
  2. Proctor’s status lowers as his wife is accused
  3. Mary’s status lowers as she is accused
  4. Cheever’s status increases as he gets the accused

Language and Structure

Archaic (old)

Clipping

Double negative

Religious – “Pontius Pilate! God will not let you wash your hands of this!”  (Jesus was taken by the court)

Metaphors – “You are a broken minister”    (John Proctor says this to Hale)

Simile – “I will fall like an ocean on that court!”    (shows their passion for each other)

Inversion – “I tell you true”

Colloquial language – “What meanin’ has it?”

“I hope you’re not takin’ this for proof, Mister!”

Act 2 – Segment 1 ‘Conversation between John Proctor and Elizabeth Proctor’ by Saudah and Prem

Character and Action:

  • John & Elizabeth do not spend time with each other
  • They have cold conversations with each other which eventually turns into an argument.
  • John starts to be sarcastic when he adds salt to the food Elizabeth made him which shows he is complimenting himself.
  • Talk of Abigail Williams makes him angry and he feels as if Elizabeth doesn’t want to let go.
  • He upsets her. As it is their relationship is cold and there are a lot of silences between one another – this shows that awkwardness of their relationship.
  • She receives it with a certain disappointment (cold relationship) → (blushing with pleasure) → shows that she loves him.
  • Characters:
  • Elizabeth Proctor
  • John Proctor
  • Mary warren

Themes and context:

  • Status – Proctor calls her ‘Woman’ when they ague also links with power. -How dare you question me woman?
  • Status + Power – John Proctor
  • Proctor cuts Elizabeth off ‘I have no – ‘   representing power once again.
  • Status- I’ll not have your suspicion any more’ – demands her.

Language/structure and effects:

  • Archaic – ‘I were planting for out to the forest edge’ – Aye. The word ‘aye’ represents how they spoke back in the day, and how that language has changed throughout as now instead of aye people say yes.
  • Clipping – Droppin’, Dewitchin’, ‘She’s weepin’! – clipping shows that what time they were in and they used to always drop a letter for example the ‘g’ and the end of words and how the pronunciation was like then.
  • Religion – ‘pray god’, ‘I would to go she were’
  • I am sick, ‘I am sick… pray, pray hurt me not’ – believe that god looks after them.
  • Foreshadowing – ‘it’s a fair poppet – poppet (hysteria) seen as part of witchcraft. Miller created foreshadowing in this play to give us an idea of something later on to happen in the play.